YAP_CONSTRUCTO 2011: GUN Arquitectos> Water Cathedral
The Water Cathedral is a large, horizontal urban nave for public use, discreetly exposed so that enigmatic and semi-dark atmospheres can be made out through its topographic lines of floor and ceiling. Both topographies are surface systems shaped by numerous slender, vertical components, which hang or rise like stalactites and stalagmites in a cave, varying their heights and concentrations. A physical organization with regimes of proliferation and differentiation; a series of columns, platforms, arches, curtains, domes and caverns emerge, qualifying the project spatially and atmospherically.
Above, top left: diego TERAN, YAP_CONSTRUCTO, Courtesy Constructo; top and bottom right, thumbnail: guy WENBORN, YAP_CONSTRUCTO, Courtesy Constructo.
Water embedding / Dripping, duration, delay:
By integrating water within its spatial and material logics, the project promotes a form of architecture that systematizes dripping pulses and speeds, consistently exacerbating the water drop as primal atmospheric matter. This is accomplished through the hanging components of the roof topography, constituted geometrically and materially like textile prisms placed upside-down with a partial granular substratum filling. They are fed by a hydraulic network that continuously irrigates using measured doses. When filled with small amounts of water, these elements act as regulators or atmospheric interfaces, experiencing a phenomenon of absorption and release where, through capillarity, water drops gradually flow against gravity along the prism edges, slowing down the time of concentration and fall. This delay process that consequently produces multiple dripping rhythms over the ground topography, formally demonstrates management of duration. It materializes an architectural form in which water can be particularized in a system that has extensive effects over an area. The delay principle, established through mediation by the prisms, is translated into the possibility to define the layout and use the water as it drops.
As an abstraction and geometrical transposition of the stalactite, a three-dimensional spatial component, is developed. A three-phase prism with an equilateral base that varies in height and area. These elements proliferate in a grid system, forming curves of different lengths and intensities. This variation capacity component, allows to effectively producing diversity of spaces, textures, patterns and interactions with environmental dynamics based in a principle of material abundance.
Geometrical studies from two dimensional curve variation and three dimensional arrangements constrained to equilateral modules. These forms of proliferation deliver rich arch formations, defining interiorities, structural points and modular connectivity.
For the first time in Chile, a program for young architects is being developed. Directed by architects Jeannette Plaut and Marcelo Sarovic, the Young Architects Program in Chile, is launched by CONSTRUCTO in association with The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) and MoMA PS1; now in its third version (YAP_CONSTRUCTO). The program is an active platform for creating new opportunities for talented emerging architects to think, explore, and improve the quality of collective-use spaces for live summer events, thinking on sustainability as a way to respond to a contemporary problem that requires intelligent and creative use of resources. It offers emerging architectural talent the opportunity to design and present innovative projects, challenging each year’s winners to develop highly innovative designs for a temporary outdoor installation that provides shade, seating, and water. The Young Architects Program International has developed a network where YAP is developed simultaneously at MoMA PS1 jointly with the Museum of Modern Art (USA), CONSTRUCTO (Chile) and at the MAXXI (Italy). All the projects are featured at www.moma.org/yap.