suckerPUNCH: Describe your project.
jeroen ROOSEN, ewa LENART, & klemens SITZMANN: A sneak preview of an emerging Arctic knowledge based Hydro-Economy.
The project develops an urban planning strategy for the Arctic, establishing a relationship with site specific conditions such as topography, a continuously changing permafrost soil, strong snowdrifts and a combination of extreme frost during winter and melt during summer. A Hydro-economy based on the availability of constant Arctic windspeeds (that are twice as fast as in other parts of the world) and the accessibility of large fresh water supplies can make an urban scenario for this quickly changing area a viable premise for the future.
As well as a growing scientific, technological and geopolitical interest, new sea and air routes and the availability of shortterm funding from oil and gas fields now define this, until recently, unexplored area.
The importance of ammonia production as a base for the selfsustainable economy of the project is connected to the fact that wind conditions in the artic are stable and ideal to harvest windenergy. Energytransport is made viable through a liquidification process that produces a fuel containing 0% carbon, ammoniafuel. Ammonia production is a major drive in the economy of this city and being the transportfuel of the future, ammonia could, next to water, be the the oil of the 21st century. Gas and oilfields in the area will fund the needed initial infrastructural investments. Besides being a very important exportproduct, ammonia ables the city to become selfsustainable, even under the harsh climatic conditions. Ammonia works as a fertilizer abling sugarproduction, needed for algaegrowth without the necessity of light. This algaegrowth is the base for all year round foodproduction and the production of hydrogen, needed for ammoniaproduction. Residual heat of industry is distributed throughout the city keeping the climate enjoyable, while additional heat can be removed through underground ammonia heatpipes (in order to avoid permafrost melting).
sP: What or who influenced this project?
jR, eL, & kS: Ice formation, permafrost, patterned ground, indigenous artic population, snow drifts, global warming
sP: What were you reading/listening to/watching while developing this project?
jR, eL, & kS: Encounters at the End of the World by Werner Herzog, Planet Earth, The Arctic Perspective.
sP: Whose work is currently on your radar?
jR, eL, & kS: Olafur Eliasson, Tokujin Yoshioka, Lebbeus Woods.
Additional credits and links:
Studio Hani Rashid, Die Angewandte Wien, University of Applied Arts Vienna