University of Applied Arts Vienna
Studio Hani RASHID
critics: Hani RASHID, Liam YOUNG, Kivi SOTAMAA, & Christoph MONSCHEIN
suckerPUNCH: Describe your project.
Stephan RITZER, Maximin RIEDER, & Klemens SITZMANN: Within our project, we re-read certain urban typologies, from a two-dimensional to a three-dimensional state. Our ambition was to re-think on former type categorisations which were determined and defined for an urban layout, relying on the cartesian x-y-z axis.
Since we see the future city as a spatial cluster which implies no directionality and obligations but rather total connectivity and possibilities, we explored the three-dimensionality of our site, a larva loci, an Archimedean solid called “truncated octahedron,” in following manner:
The Hamiltonian Cycle, a mathematical graph theory, became an initial tool to comprehend the given object and a driving force within our strategy of optical and physical dissolving the original figure. It allowed us to describe Archimedes’ object as a closed graph, visiting each vertex and edge exactly once. Reducing it to the minimum, we re-built the geometry from the Hamilton Path. The introduction of an inner offset, an abstracted cycle, which becomes volumetric, creating a void space as well, supported our idea of a centrifugal force, free movement and connectivity.
From the very beginning, our imagination included the “deep future city“ as a matrix to be composed of multiple cells. For further development, we chose to operate on a single nucleus, a 100 m high prototype, by implementating a formal plan of exterior polygonal modularity and interior free forms of circulation flow: The Hamiltonian Loop hereby serves as a distinctive border between the smooth inside and the rigid outside. Moreover it enabled us to define different zones of program: smooth areas represent a multi-functional shared space, while polygonal spaces contain specifically defined functions.
The stackable urban layout, our site condition, fundamentally changes circulation and programmatic hierarchy. The differentation “center vs. periphery,” a present part of every existing, classical city, disappears. As urban circulation now takes place on multiple levels, “top vs. bottom,“ the problem of vertical layering, also loses its importance.
The void as a fluid shared space grows a new kind of urban neighbourhood, driven by differentiated public spaces on a plurality of heights.
Intensified view relationships, new ways of circulation and gradually changing atmospheres characterize the user’s experience.
Zooming in on a particular program, the prototype, for instance, holds the potential of re-embedding a robotic production plant back into the city. Known, common production lines work in industrial areas on a flat plane, separated from innovational processes and public spaces. A novel proximity of of those formerly detached factors generates new spatial relationships. In our scenario, robots work, inter alia, within rigid cells, which are connected through a fluid three-dimensional spiral. Specialized developers then use this interaction zone for teamwork amongst themselves and potential collaborative provision interworking with machines.
In conclusion, the prototype demonstrates our principles of a radical three-dimensional urbanism, inducing a diverse “deep future city.”
sP: What or who influenced this project?
SR, MR, & KS: Naum Gabo, Hani Rashid, Reiner Zettl, Luciano Baldessari, Berthold Lupetkin, Umberto Boccioni, Eero Saarinen, and Peter Rice.
sP: What were you reading/listening to/watching while developing this project?
SR, MR, & KS: Listening to: Daft Punk, Josef Hader, Johnny Cash, soma.fm, David Bowie, and Ryan Mathiesen,
sP: Whose work is currently on your radar?
SR, MR, & KS: Preston Scott Cohen, Morphosis, Factory Fifteen, Patrick Tighe, and Marc Fornes.