Architectural Association, Design Research Lab (AADRL)
critic: Robert StUART-SMITH.
tech consultants: Tyson HOSMER & Manos MATSIS.
advisory consultants: AKT2 Structural Engineering.
The Architectural Association’s AADRL “Behavioural Production” studio explores algorithmic and robotic behavioral methods of design that explore emerging aerial construction opportunities made possible utilizing today’s multicopters.
The research was implemented within design thesis projects that rethought on-site construction as adaptive, rapid, and on-demand. These architectural speculations demonstrated that design and production can be developed as a singular creative process, capable of engaging with today’s complex urban, rural and natural environments with more intricacy and tailoring than is possible through conventional architectural design. The projects engage in non-linear construction processes that involve real-time decision making and on-site adaptation. Physical prototyping, digital simulations and robotic fabrication was explored through computer programming and software frameworks such as R.O.S, SLAM, Open CV and processing.
VOID explored the use of quad-copters for on-site tensile structure construction. A group of quadcopters successfully wove a 3-dimensional thread installation utilizing localized camera vision. The installation was created through custom algorithms that enabled the quadcopters to braid threads together based on a series of event driven rules activated through their local perceptions.
students: Alejandra ROJAS, Karthikeyan ARUNACHALAM, Maria GARCIA, & Melhem SFEIR.
SCL developed digital software and physical hardware for resin deposition aerial 3d-printing of bridge-like structures. The software enabled the quadcopters to undertake predictive structural analysis in real-time and adapt their printing behaviors accordingly. This was deemed necessary in order to negotiate unpredictable events such as printing drift caused by inaccuracies in quadcopter position due to wind. The quadcopters could adjust their printing sequences in response to changing structural conditions throughout construction (such as when two cantilevered structures transitioning into a singular bridging structure) carefully minimizing the amount of material required to create light-weight efficient structures.
students: Duo CHEN, Liu XIAO, Sasila KRISHNASRENI, & Yiqiang CHEN.
Quadrant developed a design research into swarm printed temporal ice structures. The custom built algorithms incorporated phase-changing variations in ice viscosity and ensured that quadcopter flight behaviors responded to structural and environmental building performances whilst optimizing the number of drones, overall printing energy use and flight times.
students: Doguscan Can ALADAG, Tahel SHAAR, Wei-Chen YE, & Juan MONTIEL.