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  • From Landscape to Roofscape

    Aiste DZIKARAITE, Fluctuating Shelters.
    vilnius LITHUANIA

    Department of Architecture, Vilnius Academy of Art, Lithuania
    critics: Daniel KÖHLER & Rasa NAVASAITYTE, Lab for Environmental Design Strategies (lab-eds)
    students: Petras VESTARTAS, Paulius DASCIORAS, Lukas REVINSKAS, Gediminas KIRDEIKIS, Aiste DZIKARAITE, Ieva MARCINONYTE, Donatas BRUCAS, Ruta BUROKAITE, Ieva MOCKEVICIUTE, Ruta STANKEVICIUTE, Mykolas GERLIAKAS, Lijana NORVAIŠAITE, Algis LIPKEVICIUS, & Lina BACIUSKAITE

    suckerPUNCH: Describe your project.

    Daniel KÖHLER & Rasa NAVASAITYTE: “From Landscape to Roofscape” is the title of an architecture workshop which took place at the Vilnius Academy of Art from February 4th–March 14th.

    Following are two exhibitions at the National Gallery of Art and at the Gallery Titanikas both in Vilnius.

    Opposed to Landscape, a Roofscape is constructed from autonomous elements.(i) In a Roofscape continuity evolves through the coherence and agreement of its constituting elements. Here we encounter one of the basic problem-sets in architecture: Alberti’s Part-to-Whole-Relation.(ii) In Alberti’s treatise the Whole is written through the Roman term civitas which describes a political form of coexistence, a fragile entity, a ground from the many. Here we can continue Frei Otto’s research in tensile roof-structures, its structure “arising from three things, namely the number, the figure and collocation of different parts.”(iii) More precise: A roof is build up from an arrangement(1) of particles(2) and their relaxational connections(3). If we translate Frei Otto’s description of a surface condition towards Alberti’s definition of an architectural object, the former structural particle opens up to a (rigid) figure, being an element of a configuration through specific tectonics. A Roofscape as an active drawing of agencies, a constitution between its elements.

    (i) Gottfried Semper, Caribbean hut, Great Exhibition of 1851, London: with the Caribbean hut Semper shows that landscapes (territories) are defined through steronometric strategies (clay), whereas Roofscapes (agencies) are defined by tectonics (wood), the combination of rigid elements.
    (ii) Leon Battista Alberti, De re aedificatoria, lib IX, 135; lib I, 12.
    (iii) Ludwig Hilberseimer, “Mies van der Rohe” (Chicago: Paul Theobald, 1956), 36S.

    sP: What influenced this project?
    DK & RN: Vernacular timber structures of the Baltics, Norway, and north India.

    sP: What were you reading while developing this project?
    DK & RN: Reading: Levi O Byrant, “The Democracy of Objects”; Ludwig Hilberseimer, “Form und Individuum”; Alois Riegl, “Spätrömische Kunstindustrie.”

    sP: Whose work is currently on your radar?
    DK & RN: Lars Spuybroek, François Roche, Casey Reas, Patrik Schumacher, and Peter Trummer.

    Additional credits and links:
    [VIDEO]
    [lab-eds.org]

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